Ingrown Toenail

What are Ingrown Toenails?

Ingrown toenails (also known as onychocryptosis), are a common condition in which the edge of the toenail grows into the surrounding skin. Most commonly ingrown toenails affect the big toe, however, it can also occur in other toes. They cause significant pain and discomfort, swelling, redness, and can become infected if not properly treated.

What causes ingrown toenails?

  • Incorrect nail trimming
  • Tight footwear
  • Trauma or injury
  • Abnormal nail shape
  • Poor foot hygiene

Ingrown toenail symptoms

  • Pain and tenderness along the side of the toenail, which worsens when pressure is applied
  • Swelling and redness
  • Infection (pus or blood-tinged secretions from the affected area)

Ingrown toenails treatments

  • Trimming or removing the part of the nail that is growing into the skin
  • Ingrown nail surgery
    • Partial Nail Avulsion (PNA)
    • Total Nail Avulsion (TNA)
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