What is Intermetatarsal bursitis?
Intermetatarsal bursitis is the inflammation of the bursa, which is located between the metatarsal bones of the foot and adjacent toes. They are small, fluid-filled sacs that act as cushions between bones, tendons, and muscles,helping to reduce friction and allowing smooth movement. Typically, intermetatarsal bursitis affects the bursa between the second and third metatarsal bones and the adjacent second and third toes.
What causes intermetatarsal bursitis?
- Foot conditions such as bunions and hammer toes, can alter the alignment of the metatarsal bones and toes, leading to increased pressure on the bursa.
- Overuse or repetitive movements e.g. activities that involve frequent bending of the toes or pressure on the ball of the foot.
- Tight or ill-fitting footwear
Intermetatarsal bursitis symptoms
- Pain and tenderness in the ball of the foot
- Tenderness when you push off the ball of your foot
- Swelling and redness in the front area of the foot
- Numbness/tingling sensation and/or worsening pain when running or walking
- Limited movement of the affected toes
Intermetatarsal bursitis treatments
- REST: Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation
- Ice application to reduce inflammation and provide pain relief
- Footwear modification
- Custom Orthotics such as sole inserts
- Physical therapy
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Corticosteroid injections